Treatment of Eczema
Since the cause of eczema is not known, there is no fixed treatment. The objective of treatment is to manage symptoms and reduce their intensity. Lifestyle changes with respect to eating habits and living, may be required. Often the allergens are environmental and avoiding them or minimizing the time spent in such environments prevents eczema outbreak. The skin has to be kept clean and hydrated always. The use of moisturizers helps in reducing the chances of an outbreak.
Corticosteroids creams of medium to high strength are used to control extreme itching and dermatitis. Oral antihistamines can also be used. An acute outbreak of eczema can be controlled with a short course of oral corticosteroids. However these are prescribed for long term use as they tend to have severe side effects. Immunosuppressant is also used for reducing the symptoms of eczema outbreak. Other treatment options include phototherapy with UV light.